Special Training for Out of School Children

( To fulfill the objectives of bringing all children in school, special interventions are being provided for enrolment of Out of School Children under special training component.)

The State has taken effective measures to ensure provision of access, enrolment, retention and providing Quality Education to all children including children of labourers.

Need for the rise of the component in the state 

After the implementation of Right to Education Act 2009, much emphasis has been given to improve access in remote, tribal areas through opening of new schools, providing transport and escort facility and starting special training centres for the coverage of out of school children particularly to Socially disadvantage groups and economically weaker sections and bring them within the fold of education (bridge centres). Progress in respect of enrolment and declining of drop-out rates in Tamil Nadu has been quite satisfactory. Yet, few children dropout from the system and for them various interventions are being provided, till they complete elementary education.

Government has provided an opportunity to the children to access quality education which has resulted in an increase in the Net Enrolment Rate in the primary level and Upper primary level. This has directly resulted in substantial decrease in the dropout rates. As a first step, the Government has announced special benefits to the children studying in Government and Government Aided schools which have resulted in increasing the enrolment in schools thereby reducing the dropouts. Moreover, National Sample Survey of Estimation of Out of school Children was conducted during 2014 by MHRD.

It revealed that percentage of out of school children in Tamil Nadu was only 0.66% which was the least among the largest States like Karnataka (1.49%), Kerala (0.82%) and Andhra (0. 91%).Percentage of Out of school children in Tamil Nadu is much lesser than All India percentage which was 2.97%.

Trend in reduction of dropouts

The State has been continuously taking strenuous efforts in enrolling all out of school children in the age group of 6 – 14 in schools. All the out of school children are identified through survey conducted every year at three spells (April- May, October and January). As per the survey report, the number of dropouts was 5.74 lakhs in 2002-2003. Series of initiatives were taken effectively to curtail dropouts by conducting awareness campaign/ Enrolment rally/ convergence meeting with Line departments and providing various need based interventions for enrolling all Out of school children in schools.This resulted a drastic reduction of drop outs. By this attempt, the drop out has been greatly reduced during 2011-12.Based on the survey conducted during 2011-2012, 63178 out of school children were identified. This number has been reduced to 43,024 in 2014-2015

Year

DR

Drop outs

Primary

Upper Primary

Number of OoSC Identified

Enrolled

%

2001-02

12.0

13.0

574069

466069

81

2006-07

7.91

4.08

111989

97296

87

2011-12

0.95

1.74

63178

55758

88

2012-13

0.93

1.70

53832

47684

89

2013-14

0.95

1.65

51447

46737

91

2014-15

0.94

1.58

43024

42245

98

2015-16

0.90

1.55

43455

42443

98

2016-17

0.90

1.50

41034

39735

97

2017-18

0.90

1.50

36930

35720

97

2018-19

33519

33087

97

and further reduced to 33519 in 2018-19.

While the dropout rate has reduced significantly over the past decades, it has stagnated at 0.9% at primary and 1.5% at upper primary level over the past few years, and last mile retention is proving to be difficult. Ensuring 100% enrolment and retention would be possible only with the support of the local community and local body representatives.

Activities under Special training

  • Identification of Out of school Children

G.O issued to define Drop out (G.O (Ms) No.10, School Education (SSA2) Department, dated 11.01.2017)

A special G.O is issued on definition of Out of School Children (OSC) / Drop out vide G.O. (Ms) No.10, School Education department, dated 11.01.2017. It states that “continuous absence of child for 30 consecutive working days without prior intimation is considered to be “Drop out”. Besides potential drop outs are also taken into account

  • Mode of Identification

The term Out of School Children includes never enrolled and Children dropped out of school. Every year, survey is being conducted in three spells in April - May (Main survey), October (Up-dation) and January (for identifying migrants). The children in the age group of 6 - 14 years found absenting from school are identified during the survey. In the survey, Local bodies viz. School Management Committee members (SMCs) are being involved along with field staff of Samagra Shiksha to identify the children who are out of school.

Focussing Areas :During survey, special focus is being given to the habitations with predominant occupants of SC/ST/ Tribal group / Denotified / Nomadics / Children in slum areas / new settlements in Urban areas and areas with concentration of migrants

Related photographs

  1. Pre-Planning Meeting for survey
  2. Survey at field level
  3. Joint raid

Awareness campaign / Enrolment rally at Village, Block and district level are also arranged by involving local bodies, local public, etc., to identify out of school children in their area and ensure 100% enrolment in their habitation.

Related photographs

  1. Awareness through Gram Sabha
  2. Enrollment Drive
  • Enrolment of Out of School Children

Immediately after identification, they are enrolled in age appropriate class in nearby formal schools. After admitting in formal schools, children are provided with need based special training through Residential and Non-Residential centres. Recent dropouts are directly enrolled in formal schools. Children in special training centres can continue special training with a minimum of 3 months to 2 years. Education Volunteers (EVs) with +2, DTed or degree are nominated to undertake special training to out-of-school children. The children are mainstreamed into regular schools / KGBV / RMSA girls hostel / Residential schools run by welfare departments after their special training is completed.
Related Photographs

  1. Activities under Residential Special training Centres
  2. Activities under Non- Residential Special training Centres
  3. Success Stories
  4. Education to the children of Migrant Labourers

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Last Updated on: 12-04-2019

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Samagra Siksha.

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